this piece about five years ago. I just remembered it today and thought I would post it again for those who missed it the first time.
Presbyterians in Love
Can Presbyterians fall in love? Okay, everyone falls in love,
but when people think of Presbyterians they normally conjure up images
of stoic Protestants whose kids eat oatmeal and memorize the Westminster
Confession of Faith. Reverend Maclean, the Montana minister and father
figure played by Tom Skerritt in A River Runs Through It, comes to mind. Presbyterians don't "fall" in love—they rationally, and with good sense, ease themselves into it.
This was my image of Presbyterians until I read the
correspondence of Philip Vickers Fithian. Most early American historians
know Philip Vickers Fithian. He was the uptight young Presbyterian who
served a year (1773-1774) as a tutor at Nomini Hall, the Virginia
plantation of Robert Carter, and wrote a magnificently detailed diary
about his experience. For most of us, Fithian is valued for his skills
as an observer. His journal offers one of our best glimpses into
plantation life in the Old Dominion on the eve of the American
But despite Fithian's ubiquitous presence in the indexes and footnotes
of contemporary works of Virginia scholarship, most of us know little
more about him than the very barest facts: He was born in 1747 in the
southern New Jersey town of Greenwich. He was the eldest son of
Presbyterian farmers but left the agricultural life in 1770 to attend
the College of New Jersey at Princeton. After college he worked for a
year on Carter's plantation and was ordained to the Presbyterian
ministry. In 1776 he headed off to New York to serve as a chaplain with a
New Jersey militia unit in the American War for Independence.
Such chronicling—the stuff of encyclopedia entries and
biographical dictionaries—only scratches the surface of Philip's life.
It fails to acknowledge the inner man, the prolific writer who used
words—letters and diary entries mostly—to make peace with the ideas that
warred for his soul. Philip was a man of passion raised in a
Presbyterian world of order. He came of age at a time when Presbyterians
were rejecting the pious enthusiasm of the Great Awakening for a
common-sense view of Christianity. And while Philip was clearly a
student of this newer rational and moderate Protestantism, he remained
unquestionably Presbyterian. For he was a man stretched between worlds:
one of cautious belief, another of passion and sentiment; one of
rational learning, another of devotion and deep emotion. His struggle to
bring these worlds together is seen most clearly not in his well-known
observations of plantation life but in his letters to the woman he
Read the rest at Common-Place or get yourself a copy of The Way of Improvement Leads Home: Philip Vickers Fithian and the Rural Enlightenment in America to get the full story.